Tanya J. Alderete, MS, St. Vincent de Paul Virginia G. Piper Medical & Dental (SVdP) Clinic & UAG School of Medicine
Maricopa County was home to the nation’s and world’s highest number of COVID19 cases in the summer of 2020. The St. Vincent de Paul Virginia G. Piper Medical & Dental (SVdP) Clinic partnered with CVS and the National Association of Free Clinics to provide free rapid COVID tests to underserved individuals from June 1st to September 30th of 2020. The objective of this study was to identify trends in COVID testing and cases among an underserved population compared to Maricopa County and Nationally. A retrospective chart review was performed from June 1st to September 30th of all patients who underwent COVID19 testing at the SVdP clinic.
Gehan Botrus, Mayo Clinic AZ
We are in area of precision medicine in which genetic testing is an important tool for deciding treatment options and highlight risks for genetic testing in other family members. Our study is retrospective study to identify areas of improvement and achieve health equity for Hispanic female patients treated at Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ for their breast cancer diagnosis. Our results showed deficiency in genetic counseling and genetic testing because of the extra-expenses that are associated with the referral and testing fees, in addition to Nutrition consult as well that provide guidance for nutritional meals and supplements during the chemotherapy.
Janet Major, Arizona Telemedicine Program
For 25 years the Arizona Telemedicine Program (ATP) has provided telemedicine education throughout Arizona. ATP, along with its federally funded subsidiary the Southwest Telehealth Resource Center (SWTRC), has extended outreach across the southwest providing unbiased technical assistance on a wide array of health-related topics. ATP/SWTRC also works with various organizations nationally sharing best practices and raising awareness about health equity in rural and tribal communities. There is evidence that telemedicine and telehealth are tools for eliminating healthcare disparities. This experience allows us to share resources and successful pathways that foster the growth of telemedicine, telehealth, broadband and funding.
Riley Sena and Maiya Block, University of Arizona
In this study, three different groups of healthcare workers were recruited and interviewed in Pima County, AZ in order to access attitudes about COVID-19 vaccination. The three groups of healthcare workers included in the study were Long Term Care, Physicians, and Emergency Medical Technicians. A total of 15 interviews were conducted in order to help find which factors were most influential for these healthcare workers regarding COVID-19 vaccination.
Elsa Bautista and Kate Chambers, University of Arizona
This poster will discuss Alliance for Vaccine Literacy Research Team's efforts to minimize the barriers and determine the intention to receive the COVID-19 vaccine within Pima County.
Danielle Russell, Sonoran Prevention Works
Logan Cameron, Arizona State University
This information-themed poster will raise awareness and demonstrate the importance of non-profits like Sonoran Prevention Works (SPW) and organizations with similar missions and values. SPW advocates to end health disparities within vulnerable populations affected by drug use in Arizona and utilizes a harm reduction and human rights framework to educate Arizonans on overdose response and stigma. SPW and similar organizations have become the backbone of life-saving overdose prevention drug distribution in the face of the increasing opioid-related overdose death rate.
Joan Kwamboka and Logan Cameron, Arizona State University, Center for Health Information & Research
George Runger, Arizona State University, School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering
Anita Murcko and Tameka Sama, Arizona State University, Center for Health Information & Research
Pathways to Addiction (P2A) is a predictive model for analyzing policy decisions affecting opioid resource allocation. Based on system dynamics, this model uses artificial intelligence to map the transition of individuals from susceptible to addicted through treatment, remission, overdose, and death. Health leaders and policymakers can use the P2A to compare the impact of key opioid resource allocation, such as the components and location of medication-assisted therapy programs. This is funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) through Arizona Health Care Cost Containment Systems (AHCCCS).
Bradley Harner and Anita Murcko, Arizona State University, College of Health Solutions
Logan Cameron, Arizona State University, Center for Health and Information Research
Short Message Service (SMS) messaging is becoming an important vehicle for population health. This scoping literature review synthesizes recent literature evidence on the use of SMS for survey dissemination and outreach with varying target populations and geography. We summarize the literature on using SMS to deliver social determinants of health (SDoH) assessments to underserved populations and discuss how mediators of meaning directly impact responsiveness to SMS outreaches. This research aims to inform those planning or evaluating an SMS outreach campaign about effective operationalizing strategies for developing and implementing an SDoH-focused SMS campaign.
Stephanie Bolanos and Tanya Alderete, COVID Latin Project
The COVID Latino project is a health communication campaign that merges the arts with the health/social sciences to create culturally tailored artwork for Latinx communities. A mixed-methods research approach was used in order to understand the beliefs, attitudes, and behavior around COVID-19 in Latinx communities. This data was used for the development of a series of short animations and cartoons aimed at fighting COVID-19 misinformation in Latinx communities.
Alexis Griffin, Arizona Department of Health Services
On behalf of the Arizona Department of Health Services and the Arizona Child Fatality Review (CFR), this is a presentation of data from a cross-sectional study of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) from 2015 to 2019. SUID is a term used to describe the sudden and unexpected death of a baby less than 1-year-old where the cause of death is not obvious. In Arizona, SUID comprises approximately 10% of all child deaths, and 99% of SUID are deemed preventable by the Arizona CFR. Therefore, SUID impacts the lives of many Arizona children and families and offers a great opportunity for intervention. The data presented focuses on the trends and risk factors of SUID in Arizona over a 5-year span as well as possible intervention strategies.
Meaghan Calendo, University of Arizona
Health Disparities stemming from inequities in education can create shortened lifespans, decreased access to healthcare, and deter individuals from having the necessary information to make knowledgeable decisions for their health. (1) To understand if there is a current disparity between varying education attainment levels on Immunization Coverage in Arizona, this study analyzed immunization data reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The study revealed that to build a healthier, more resilient, and equitable Arizona, there is a need for immunization education, outreach, and promotion to fix the immunization coverage gap among those with low educational attainment.
Lauryn Remmers, Arizona State University
This quality improvement project examines the relationship between the social determinants of health (SDOH) and total joint arthroplasty outcomes through analysis of patient records and interviews with medical professionals. It was found that 38% of patients with complications screened positive for any of the SDOH factors. Interviews revealed that hospital staff believed there was a strong correlation between socioeconomic status and outcomes.
Christi Sherrill, OSU National Center for Wellness and Recovery
This presentation is intended for healthcare professionals who are currently treating military personnel for medical and mental health maladies. The OSU National Center for Wellness and Recovery was awarded the Rural Veterans Health Access Program (RVHAP) to address the critical shortage of mental health services available to Veterans in rural Oklahoma.
This presentation highlights the robust professional development training created by the RVHAP team, integrated into Project ECHO presentations and in-person engagement with healthcare providers across Oklahoma. In addition, it illustrates the extensive outreach made to statewide and community stakeholders, making the mission of enhancing veteran-specific treatment options a reality.
Ricardo Hernandez, Micaryn Begay, Samantha Nabaty and Stephanie Place, University of Arizona MEZCOPH
There is a large proportion of potentially unvaccinated pregnant or nursing women in Arizona. The challenge moving forward is to promote COVID-19 vaccination to pregnant and nursing women in order to combat the health impacts of infection during pregnancy. Education and effective dissemination of information is needed. Bilingual informational resources are a possible avenue in Arizona, due to the high population of Spanish speakers in this state. Pregnant women should be encouraged to reach out to their providers to discuss vaccination.
Austin Pena, MD, University of Minnesota
Maurice Lee, MD, St Vincent de Paul Medical Clinic
The diabetes prevention program (DPP) is a twelve-month program during which individuals with prediabetes participate in classes targeting exercise and diet to reduce weight and promote self-monitoring with the aim of decreasing the conversion of prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. Outcomes include HgbA1c, BMI, duration of exercise/week, and blood pressure. Previous research performed by the NIH indicates that the DPP does not reduce diabetes incidence in the long term nor have any benefit on microvascular and cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of our poster is to evaluate the efficacy of the DPP delivered at the Saint Vincent de Paul Medical Clinic compared to the previous studies and
encourage the reader to critically evaluate implications of these results.
Marisol Diaz, Diane Moreland, Esther Gotleib, and Wendy Wolfersteig, Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center at Arizona State University
Hotline crisis counselors witness trauma in others, leaving them vulnerable to compassion fatigue and burnout. Vicarious resilience can counterbalance the harmful effects of trauma work and help individuals avoid vicarious traumatization. This poster explores the phenomenon of vicarious resilience among Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline counselors. Using a phenomenological methodology, this study draws upon three years of focus group data to explore the counselors’ experiences before and during the pandemic. Analysis of the focus group transcriptions generated themes of resilience, and overall, the findings indicated that the hotline counselors shared positive experiences and personal growth from their work with help-seekers.
Chanler Hilely, Ph.D., CHES, Maria Aguilar-Amaya, DM and Diane Moreland, MS, Arizona State University, Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center
Reginald Williams, MBA, Maricopa County Department of Public Health, Office of Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
Despite general decreases in tobacco use in recent decades, some populations remain at higher risk for tobacco use. Social determinants of health (SDoH) help understand how individuals’ lived experiences influence individual and community health. This project involves three research goals that will enable the prioritization of evidence-based, culturally relevant practices to reduce disparities in tobacco risk in Maricopa County. Analyses will include geographically-based secondary data analyses, focus groups with community members from populations disproportionately burdened by tobacco are being conducted to better understand the barriers and facilitators of prevention and cessation among these communities, and perspectives of key prevention informants.
Ann Carver, MSW, Kathryn Hamm, MPA, and Wendy Wolfersteig, PhD, Arizona State University, Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center
Craig Talmage, PhD, Hobart & William Smith Colleges
Lilliana DeSantiago Cardenas, AM, Maricopa County Department of Public Health
The Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center partnered with the Maricopa County Department of Public Health to conduct focus groups to better understand the impact of COVID-19 on Maricopa County residents. In 2021, 33 focus groups were conducted with 186 participants. The results tell a story of resilience and connection amidst a pandemic. In light of individuals who reported declines in mental health due to isolation, depression and anxiety, it also serves as evidence that the community stands ready to collaborate, with innovative and specific ideas on how to share health-related information for the betterment of their lives, families and communities.
Amaka Oguadimma, Robert Shatto and Lauren Waisanen, The University of Arizona Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health
The objective of this poster is to investigate COVID-19 testing and district policies within three Arizona school districts of varying socioeconomic status. We are focusing on elementary schools in districts and will be tracking the weekly positive cases reported on each district’s COVID-19 dashboard website. We will also be looking at stipulations put in place by each school for positive cases and determinants per district when students can return to school after a positive test. Lastly, we are investigating the cost of testing and resources provided by the districts to students and their families for getting tested for COVID-19.
Dr. Maria Aguilar-Amaya and Mara de Luca Funke, Arizona State University
This poster aims to visualize and showcase complex collaboration processes of the statewide “Overdose Data to Action (OD2A)” program that involves the Arizona Department of Health Services and 11 county health departments, Arizona Board of Pharmacy, and Banner University Medical Center. Grounded on key informant interviews, this poster will translate research findings into three infographics on community readiness, collaboration, and partnerships. Through the infographics, audiences will be able to see the OD2A processes and takeaway messages clearly. Audiences will also benefit from learning new instruments such as Wilder Collaboration Factors Inventory, PARTNER Tool surveys, and the Community Readiness Model.
Katherine Chuang, MD, MPH, University of Arizona
The purpose of this study was to expand upon the work of a previously accepted study and assess whether patients in two Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in Arizona were satisfied with their experience with telemedicine after the COVID-19 outbreak. This study showed that most participants were satisfied with telemedicine, found telemedicine to be comparable to traditional in-person visits, and most would be willing to try telemedicine again. Given that these FQHCs provide care to underserved populations, telemedicine may be a viable option for those faced with healthcare access barriers, helping reduce the health equity gap.
Tara Bartlett, Participatory Governance Institute
Lara Law, Arizona State University Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center
This poster will present findings from a comprehensive literature review on 17 school safety alternatives to School Resource Officers (SROs). Meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, and other targeted research studies inform our findings on the efficacy of alternative programs for achieving school safety and student equity. This information is especially pertinent to schools and districts across the country, including Phoenix Union High School District (PXU), which have recently chosen not to renew contracts with police departments. Specifically, PXU is in the midst of a participatory budgeting process involving students, parents and guardians, and staff in determining how to reallocate this funding.
Tiffany Ostovar-Kermani and Saidieh Farahmandnia, Alliance of Medical Graduates
Rural areas have higher risks of financial instability in households across the U.S. and could benefit from equitable healthcare access. However, primary care access limitations lead to deteriorating health outcomes, unmanaged conditions, and reduced mobility to perform day-to-day activities or operate in professional settings. Attending regular visits to primary care in these areas can address chronic healthcare conditions, increasing the possibility of recuperating financial losses from work leave, land and property seizures, and homelessness. Our mapping review assesses potential solutions that address physician shortages.